Nouns

10 Apr

Hello guys..

It’s time to learn English, let’s learn about Nouns !!

Noun is a word that refers to person or thing.

Ex:

-Table   -Star      -Cat        -Man     -Egg

There are various types of nouns. Some nouns may fall under more than one types. This unit takes up the following types of nouns:

Countable Nouns

Countable nouns can take the singular or plural form.

Singular Nouns

When a noun refers to one person or thing.

  • Use singular nouns after the word below.

a/an; one; this; that

Ex:

I need to buy a book.

One report is missing from the file cabinet.

  • Use “The” with singular countable nouns when refers to things in general or to specific things; use “a/an” with singular countable nouns when refers to general  or nonspecific things.

Ex:

The lion that the zoo has lent to us is now in a cage in the university lab.

(The lion is the one lent by the zoo – a specific lion, not other lions.)

A lion is a wild animal.

(A lion refers to lions in general.)

 

Plural Nouns

When a noun refers to more than one person or thing.

  • The plural form of most nouns is made by adding -s/-es to the singular form, however, there are some exception.

Bird                              Birds

Lecturer                        Lecturers

Box                              Boxes

Bus                               Buses

Ex:

There are beautiful birds of paradise in the zoo.

 

Some exceptions

Plural form of nouns ending in consonant –y

Ex:

Most students look forward to attending graduation parties

Plural form of nouns ending in –f(e)

Ex:

The color of the autumn leaves is usually yellow.

Irregular plural forms of nouns

Ex:

The researchers need more data to finish the project.

Plural forms of man, woman and gentleman

Ex:

We will recruit more men for the project.

  • Use plural nouns after the words below.

all                                          these                                    dozens of

some (of the)                          those                                    hundreds of

a few (of)                                every one of                          thousands of

many (of)                               each of                                 a number of

a lot of                                   one of                                   a couple of

lots of                                    both                                      several (of the)

various                                  other

 

NB: When words such as hundred, thousand or million follow a number, do NOT  put them in a plural form.

Ex:

Teachers use various technique to make their lessons interesting.

Two hundred of volunteer from different countries come to the rescue of the earthquake victims.

 

Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable nouns are nouns that have only one form and take a singular verb.

  • Do NOT use uncountable nouns after the words/phrases below.

a/an                                       these                                    dozens of

one                                        those                                    hundreds of

a few (of)                                every one of                          thousands of

many (of)                               a single                                 a number of

each(of)                                 one of                                   a couple of

every                                     both                                      several (of the)

another                                                               

 

  • Use uncountable nouns with the words below.

much                                     all*                                         lots of*

little (of)                              some*                                  plenty of*

an amount of                      a lots of*

*they can also be used with countable plural nouns.

 

Ex:

They earn much money to see that concert.

  • Do NOT put uncountable nouns into plural form.

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